factors affecting plant establishment on mining tailings

factors affecting plant establishment on mining tailings

Barriers for plant establishment in the abandoned tailings ...

While the development of a vegetated cover in mine tailings can help in mitigating these risks, the local factors limiting plant establishment in Past mining activities have left a legacy of abandoned mine tailing deposits whose metal contaminants poses serious risks to ecosystems and human health.

Factors Affecting Plant Establishment On Mining Tailings

Factors Affecting Plant Establishment On Mining Tailings Factors affecting phytoremediation of mine tailings are discussed abstract mine tailings are detrimental to natural plant growth due to their physicochemical characteristics such as high ph high salinity low water retention capacity high heavy metal concentrations and deficiencies in

Edaphic factors determining the colonization of semiarid ...

Nov 01, 2020  The goal of this study was to identify the edaphic factors, including microbiology, affecting the establishment of plant species with contrasting growth patterns during the phytomanagement of a mine tailings pile.

Plants from the abandoned Nacozari mine tailings ...

May 04, 2017  Identifying factors that limit plant establishment in tailings is an important goal in phytostabilization (Parraga-Aguado et al., 2013). This study recorded only four patches of vegetation on the tailings, representing 0.84% of the 19 ha surface area.

Assessment of mine spoil for the establishment of ...

FACTORS AFFECTING VEGETATION ESTABLISHMENT The principal factors affecting seedling establishment and plant growth in mine waste rock and tailings materials are spoil stability, moisture retention, drainage, fertility, soil temperature, surface crust formation, heavy metal toxicity, pan formation in materials, salinity and acidity.

Soil factors affecting vegetation establishment after sand ...

for germination and establishment. Problems of poor native vegetation establishment and high incidence of gully erosion have occurred at certain revegetated sites. These sites were associated with the use of topsoil collected from areas that had been rehabilitated in the late 1970s to early 1980s and are currently re-mined

(PDF) Soil amelioration potential of legumes for mine tailings

Results demonstrate the ecological engineering potential of the leguminous trees through creating fertility islands that influence understory vegetation establishment on mine tailings.

Selection of tailings impoundment sites

substantiate the choice of site when planning a new tailings impound-ment. Provided the site chosen complies with laws concernmg the protection of water resources and air quality and the land is available to the mine, the site may be chosen for the best or worst of reasons, and the choice is ;101 subject to scrutiny by the public.

Phytorestoration of Abandoned Mining and Oil Drilling ...

In arid and semiarid regions, the establishment of the plant is restricted by several physicochemical factors that include extreme temperatures and high-speed winds. Phytoremediation, a low-cost in-situ technology, has emerged as the most promising remediation method for mine tailings with multielement contamination through the introduction of tolerant plants.

Assessment of mine spoil for the establishment of ...

FACTORS AFFECTING VEGETATION ESTABLISHMENT The principal factors affecting seedling establishment and plant growth in mine waste rock and tailings materials are spoil stability, moisture retention, drainage, fertility, soil temperature, surface crust formation, heavy metal toxicity, pan formation in materials, salinity and acidity.

Plants from the abandoned Nacozari mine tailings ...

Identifying factors that limit plant establishment in tailings is an important goal in phytostabilization (Parraga-Aguado et al., 2013). This study recorded only four patches of vegetation on the tailings, representing 0.84% of the 19 ha surface area.

Reclamation of Mine Tailings SpringerLink

Shetron, S.G. and J.J. Sindler. 1983. Alfalfa, Medicago sativa L. establishment in mine mill tailings. II. Root patterns of alfalfa in iron tailings and natural soils Plant and Soil 73:239–246. Google Scholar

From lithotroph- to organotroph-dominant: directional ...

Aug 13, 2015  Although abiotic factors pose significant constraints for plant establishment in mine tailings 50, the development of microbial diversity is also crucial to facilitate and sustain plant

(PDF) Soil amelioration potential of legumes for mine tailings

propagation of other plants in mine tailings. ... of heavy metals forms and its affecting factors in ... Understanding the patterns of vegetation establishment on rehabilitated mine tailings is ...

Kamila’s F-root-ful Contribution to Reclaiming ...

Mar 22, 2021  The paper is titled “Metal contamination and seed microbes affect the seed morphology ... as potential capping materials for mine tailings. She aims to identify the most important properties of the capping materials that are related to robust plant establishment and growth. The plant used in this study is Atriplex lentiformis - a shrub native ...

Appendix 2: Environmental and Social Impacts of Mining

mining wastes (e.g., cyanide-laced tailings) more difficult. Arid Environments Water scarcity is the primary constraint in arid environments. Vegetation is limited, but biodiversity is high among insects, rodents, and other invertebrates, especially in semi-arid regions. The main impact of mining and oil development on these ecosystems is the

Tailingsfo What Are Tailings? - Their nature and production

The engineering characteristics of tailings are in most instances influenced by the degree of thickening and the method of deposition. It is therefore essential that while investigating the properties of tailings that the physical characteristics and material parameters (e.g. beach slope angles, particle size segregation, water recovery) that can occur as a result of varied deposition ...

Tailings - Wikipedia

Tailings are the materials left over after the process of separating the valuable fraction from the uneconomic fraction of an ore.Tailings are distinct from overburden, which is the waste rock or other material that overlies an ore or mineral body and is displaced during mining without being processed.. The extraction of minerals from ore can be done two ways: placer mining, which uses water ...

Why are mine rehabilitation targets and objectives ...

Jul 08, 2019  The scale and type of mining impacts along with environmental factors affect a mine site’s ability to achieve rehabilitation targets. In Australia, many mine sites exist in environmentally challenging conditions where physical resources such as nutrient-rich soil and regular rainfall are limited.

Edaphic factors determining the colonization of semiarid ...

Nov 01, 2020  The goal of this study was to identify the edaphic factors, including microbiology, affecting the establishment of plant species with contrasting growth patterns during the phytomanagement of a mine tailings pile.

Wetland development potential of coal mine tailings basins ...

Encouraging woody plant colonization on iron mine tailings in New York. 5th Ann. Canadian Land Reclamation Assoc., Timmons, Ontario. 13pp. Nawrot, J. R. 1981. Stabilization of slurry impoundments without soil cover: factors affecting vegetation establishment.

Edaphic factors determining the colonization of semiarid ...

Edaphic factors determining the colonization of semiarid mine tailings by a ruderal shrub and two tree plant species: Implications for phytomanagement ... The goal of this study was to identify the edaphic factors, including microbiology, affecting the establishment of plant species with contrasting growth patterns during the phytomanagement of ...

Factors Affecting Herbaceous Richness and Biomass ...

Open‐cast mining reclamation strategies are focused on the identification of the environmental factors at different scales that facilitate the vegetation establishment and development. Here, we characterised the environmental factors at macro‐scale and micro‐scale that influenced the herbaceous richness and biomass accumulation patterns ...

From lithotroph- to organotroph-dominant: directional ...

Aug 13, 2015  Although abiotic factors pose significant constraints for plant establishment in mine tailings 50, the development of microbial diversity is also crucial to facilitate and sustain plant

Phytoremediation of Mine Tailings and Bio-ore Production ...

The long-term goal of this study is to define limiting factors for phytoremediation of mine tailings and other sites contaminated with heavy metals. This study will establish the scientific basis for the remediation of mine tailings and extrac-tion of heavy metals by phytomining techniques.

Reclamation of Mine Tailings SpringerLink

Shetron, S.G. and J.J. Sindler. 1983. Alfalfa, Medicago sativa L. establishment in mine mill tailings. II. Root patterns of alfalfa in iron tailings and natural soils Plant and Soil 73:239–246. Google Scholar

Tailingsfo What Are Tailings? - Their nature and production

The engineering characteristics of tailings are in most instances influenced by the degree of thickening and the method of deposition. It is therefore essential that while investigating the properties of tailings that the physical characteristics and material parameters (e.g. beach slope angles, particle size segregation, water recovery) that can occur as a result of varied deposition ...

Appendix 2: Environmental and Social Impacts of Mining

mining wastes (e.g., cyanide-laced tailings) more difficult. Arid Environments Water scarcity is the primary constraint in arid environments. Vegetation is limited, but biodiversity is high among insects, rodents, and other invertebrates, especially in semi-arid regions. The main impact of mining and oil development on these ecosystems is the

Application of ecosystem function analysis (EFA) in ...

tailings dams have been largely subjective and based on visual inspection (Randall, 2004). Rehabilitation progress has been judged mostly on the successful establishment of vegetation on tailings dams. Hence, much of the research so far carried out has focused on species trials and optimum conditions for plant growth on tailings (Hill, 1977 ...

(PDF) Application of plant growth promoting substances and ...

This study focused on investigating methods of phytostabilisation of mine tailings operated by Palabora Copper in South Africa. Capping material and mine tailing at various sites of the mine were collected and used in pot trials to investigate the

Tailings - Wikipedia

Tailings are the materials left over after the process of separating the valuable fraction from the uneconomic fraction of an ore.Tailings are distinct from overburden, which is the waste rock or other material that overlies an ore or mineral body and is displaced during mining without being processed.. The extraction of minerals from ore can be done two ways: placer mining, which uses water ...

Recovering Cyanide From Gold Plant Tailings

gold plant tailings to regenerate and recovery cyanide for recycling, and presents a technoeconomic argument for the incorporation of this technology into many gold plant flowsheets today. INTRODUCTION. Interest in the recovery of cyanide . from gold and silver plant tailings has heightened in recent years. This interest has been spurred by several

Why are mine rehabilitation targets and objectives ...

Jul 08, 2019  The scale and type of mining impacts along with environmental factors affect a mine site’s ability to achieve rehabilitation targets. In Australia, many mine sites exist in environmentally challenging conditions where physical resources such as nutrient-rich soil and regular rainfall are limited.

Alfalfa, Medicago sativa L., establishment in mine mill ...

Plant analysis is an accepted procedure to determine the chemical composition of plants as a means to reflect nutrients supplied by soil in relation to plant growth23. Specimens of alfalfa, vernal cultivar, raised on mine tailings in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan Iron Range and Copper Mining District, were collected for plant and root analysis.

Selected Geologic Factors Affecting Mining of the ...

SELECTED GEOLOGIC FACTORS AFFECTING MINING OF THE PITTSBURGH COALBED C. M. McCulloch. Wm Pm Diamondl' B. Mm Bench. l and Maurice Deul 1 ABSTRACT As part of the Bureau of Mines methane control program, the Pittsburgh coalbed was studied in Washington and Green Counties, Pa. , and in Marion and 1 Monongalia ...

Edaphic factors determining the colonization of semiarid ...

Phytomanagement has been considered a feasible technique to decrease the environmental risks associated to mine tailings and its implementation relies on a suitable plant species selection. The goal of this study was to identify the edaphic factors, including microbiology, affecting the establishment of plant species with contrasting growth patterns during the phytomanagement of mine tailings.

Establishment of a Vegetation Cover at the Iron King Mine ...

Mine tailings from Iron King Mine and Humboldt Smelter Superfund (IKMHSS) site can be considered one of the worst scenarios due to the extreme conditions which prevent the growth of a vegetation cap. The high concentration of metals, such as arsenic and lead, highly acidic, lack of the nutrients carbon and nitrogen in the soil structure, and ...